It speaks to about 4.7 million people worldwide. It belongs to the North German language group and is closely related to Swedish and Danish. Norwegian is the official language of the Norwegian state and is also used in the United States, Canada and Sweden.
A Bit of History
Both Norwegian and Swedish and Danish are derived from the Old Norse language used by the Vikings living in the Scandinavian territories. The Old Norse language was based on the runes alphabet, so it did not undergo major changes, and modern Norwegian developed until the 14th century, when languages began to gradually differ from one another.
It is believed that in 872 the King Harald I Fairhair declared the first Norway as a single territory. In the 11th century, Christianity was introduced in Norway, which also led to the introduction of the Latin alphabet. The development of the Norwegian language was strongly influenced by the unification of Norway and Denmark in 1380. Danish was declared the official language of the Union.
During the period from the 16th to the 19th century, the Danish language was partially adopted and adapted to the Norwegian language, as a result was created Norwegian (Bokmål), or ‘book language’. It was based on Danish vocabulary and grammar and Norwegian phonetics. In the 19th century the New Norwegian language (Nynorsk) was also created. In modern Norway, both Norwegian Bokmål and New Norwegian Nynorsk are used – both taught at school and used in the mass media. Even today, Danes and Norwegians understand each other even when they speak their own language.
The Norwegian alphabet consists of 29 letters.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Æ Ø Å
Due to the increasing workforce flow to Scandinavia, Norwegian translations are becoming increasingly important in the daily life of the Latvian population.
Writing Examples in Norwegian:
Hello! – Hei
Good morning! – God morgen
Good afternoon! – God ettermiddag
Good evening! – God kveld
Welcome! – Velkommen
Hello, my friend! – Hei, vennen min!
How are you? (friendly) – Hvordan går det
I’m fine thanks! – Jeg har det bra!
What’s your name? – Hva heter du
How do you say “thank you” in Norwegian? – Hvordan sier du “takk” på norsk?