About Latvian Language
Latvian is the mother tongue of about 1.7 million people, mostly in Latvia, where it is the only official language. The largest Latvian-speaking communities outside Latvia are in the United Kingdom, the United States, Ireland, Australia, Germany, Sweden, Canada, the Russian Federation. Latvian belongs to the Baltic language group of the Indo-European language family.
A Bit of History
The origins of writing and literary language can be talked about in the 16th century, when the first books in Latvian were published. It is reported that the first book was published in 1525 but has not been found.
17th century there were major terminological problems in describing nature, mechanics, because, apart from religion, terms in other fields were not developed. 19th century the first novels in Latvian literature were written. In 1940, following the incorporation of the Republic of Latvia into the Soviet Union, the preconditions for the linguistic assimilation of the peoples of Latvia were rapidly developing.
The status of the official language disappeared and the meaning of the Latvian language was narrowed. On October 6, 1988, a decision was made to grant the status of an official language. In addition, the State Language Law was adopted in 1999 and is currently in force. The language currently functions in all spheres of life.
The alphabet is Latin. It has a total of 33 letters.
Writing Examples in Latvian
- Hi!– Sveiks!
- Good morning! – Labrīt!
- Good evening!– Labvakar!
- Yes – Jā
- No – Nē
- Thank you! – Paldies!
- Sorry … – Atvainojiet…
- I don’t speak Latvian. – Es nerunāju latviski.