There about 13 million people who speak the Greek language worldwide. It belongs to Indo-European family and it is the official language of Greece and Cyprus (also in the Turkish part), as well as minority language in Albania, Italy, Armenia, Hungary, and other countries. It is the only language on the Hellenic branch.
Greek is the only Indo-European language that has exceptionally old and well documented written language over 34 centuries.
The development of this language is divided into several phases: Ancient Greek which is subdivided into Mycenean period (the Linear B script from 14th-13th century BC) and Classical Greek (time when the alphabet was adopted from 8th-14th century BC), Hellenic and Roman phase (4th century BC – 4th century AD), Byzantine phase (5th-15th century), and modern phase.
After Alexander the Great conquered the Greek territory, the language changed. Vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation changed and some of them have been preserved until modern days. Alexander the Great carried Greek deep into Middle East where it became standard commerce and the government language and co-existed with local languages. The locals of the regions adopted Greek as their second language which later became Koiné Greek.
The Greek language of modern days evolved from Koiné Greek and it is believed it started forming in 1453 when the Byzantine Empire collapsed, and Turks conquered Constantinople.
The Greek alphabet is a 24-letter alphabet used to write Greek since the 8th century AD. It is based on the Phoenician alphabet, but unlike the Phoenician alphabet, not only consonants, but also vowels were used in the Greek alphabet. The letters of the Greek alphabet were also used to denote numbers. Nowadays, the letters of the Greek alphabet are widely used to denote various physical sizes in science. From the Greek alphabet formed the Latin alphabet, Cyrillic, Coptic and other alphabets.
- The Greek alphabet consists of 25 letters, 18 consonants and 7 vowels: α, ε, η, ι, ο, υ, ω.
- The letter γ is pronounced softly, with aspiration, and the sound is produced in a translucent throat such as South Russian, Ukrainian or Belorussian.
- The Letter δ. When speaking this, the tongue should be placed behind the upper teeth but without touching them. In this position, try to pronounce d. The resulting sound will be δ [d].
- If we try to pronounce t in the same position of the speech organs, we get θ [t].
- The sound δ [d] is similar to the English letter combination th, for example the words “the”, “this” and the sound θ [t], just like the words think, thank.
- The letters ξ and ψ denote double consonants, pronounced [kc] and [ps] respectively.
- The letter σ is written at the beginning and middle of the words and the letter ς is written only at the end of the words.
We do offer translation service from English into Greek and vice versa.