It is one of the oldest languages in the world. More than 200 million speak it in 28 countries both in Africa and Middle East. It belongs to the Semitic language family and it is divided into two parts: literary and colloquial language.
Literary language (normally called Classical Arabic) is the language or Quran and it is the standard language that is the same in all the Arabic countries. It never changes, and it can be learned only in academic way.
is used in formal situation as well as in books, newspapers and scientific studies.
In contrary, colloquial Arabic consists of many spoken dialects and many of them are not mutually intelligible. The main dialects are the ones used in Iraq, Arabia, Egypt, Syria and North Africa. These dialects are mainly used as colloquial language and it has no official written form.
The first known written evidence of Arabic was found in Syrian desert and it is believed it was made in the 4th century. The ancient Arabic tribes had a great tradition of oral poetry which was not collected systematically in a written form until the 8th century. What makes Arabic special is that it is written from the right side to the left.
To learn Arabic alphabet and to write in Arabic it is very important to pay attention to the dots. They are used to differentiate one letter from another and a single dot added by accident may change the meaning of the whole word.
Translation agency Littera has Arabic native translators who will translate your documents professionally.